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KALAALLIT NUNAAT

sermimik qalligaanngitsoq

ilusaata aappassaanut tikilluarit

 

Kapitalit kalaallisut matuma ataani aakkit

(kapitalit tamarmik august 2021 sioqqullugu saqqummersinneqassapput)

Kalaallisuunngortitsisoq: Kuupik V. Kleist

Kalaallisuuanik kukkunersiuisoq: Carl Christian Olsen

Aallarniut

Ilusaata aappaannut tikilluarit

Kalaallit Nunaat assiliisartunut pilerinarluinnartuuvoq. Inuit, nersutit timmissallu tamarmik atuakkiani assigiinngitsuni uppernarsaasersugaapput. Nunat alianaatsorsuit imaluunniit qaarsut meqquitsut tunuliaqutaagajuttarput. Atuagaq una Kalaallit Nunaata sermeqanngitsortaanut oqaasertamigut assitigullu tunngatitaavoq.

Kalaallit Nunaata sermeqanngitsortaa arlalitsigut qeriuaannartumit nunap iluaniittumit sunnigaavoq. Atuakkiap matuma aallaavigaa nunaminertat qeriuaannartortallit allanngorartuusut paasiniassallugit. Tamakku nunaminertat siullermeerluni takuneranni immaqa nunaminertat taamaattut allanngujuitsuusutut isigineqarsinnaasarput, qaqqat portusuut takussaasarmata – naak ukiuni tusintilikkaani nungujartorsimagaluartut ...

Atuarneqarsinnaasut allat:

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Silap pissusaa allanngorartoq

Kalaallit Nunaat qorsuusimavoq

 

Ukiut millionit marluk matuma siorna Kalaallit Nunaat kujasinnerusumiissimavoq, aasakkut agguaqatigiisillugu 10 °C qaangerlugu kiassimatigivoq. Orpiit sullerngillu sinnerinik nassaarnikkut uppernarsineqarpoq, Kalaallit Nunaanni ilaatigut orpippassuaqarsimasoq, soorlu Europap avannaani ullutsinni takusinnaasatsitut. Ullumikkut tamanna takorlooruminaappoq.

Ukiut millionit marluk kingulliit ingerlaneranni sermersuaqartarnerani, Kalaallit Nunaanni Sermersuaq nuttarsimaqaaq. Sermersuaqarnerup kingulliup naajartornerani Sermersuaq imaani avasissumut killissimavoq, nunalu taamanili sermermit issoqisumik qalligaasimaneq ajortoq annikittuaraavoq. Tamakku ikittuinnannguit avinngarusimasut tassaasimapput qaqqat portusuut nuui sermimit nuisasut (nunatat), imaluunniit qaqqat oqquanniissimasut. Ukiut 12.000-it matuma siorna nuna nuisalerpoq, silap kissakkiartornerata kinguneranik sermersuaq ...

Atuarneqarsinnaasut allat:

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Nuna nuititertoq

Qeriuaannartup isertugaatai

Qeriuaannartoq tassaavoq issoq imaluunniit kinnerit, sivikinnerpaamik ukiuni marlunni atasuinnarmik qerinartumiittut nillernerusumiittulluunniit. Nunarsuup affaani avannarlermi nunap 25%-igajaa qeriuaannartuuvoq, nunamilu tamaani nunarsuarmi kulstoffip uumassusilinneersup issumiittup affangajaa ippoq. Tamatuma ilaminiinnanngualuunniit uumassusilinnit tappiorannartunit kissatsitsisartumik silaannanngortinneqaraluarpat (kuldioxid imaluunniit metani), nunarsuarmi silaannarmut kissatsitsisartumut sunniuteqassagaluarpoq. Kisiannili aamma nalunngilarput, nunap qeriuaannartup qalliup kulstoffi qangarnisaq akorigaa, siusinnerusukkut kiannerulertarnerani anillassimanngitsoq, soorlu ukiut 5000-it matuma siorna, issittup taamani ilimagineqartutut ukiuni 1000-ni ullumikkumiit kiannerusimanerunerata nalaani. Taamaammat apeqqutit annerit ilagaat, silap pissusaata allanngoriartorneranik pissuteqartumik, kulstoffi silaannanngorluni kissatsitsisartoq qanoq annertutigisoq qanorlu pilertortigisumik nunamit qeriuaannartumiit aniajumaarnersoq?

 

Nunap qeriuaannartup Issittumi pisartut arlallit patajaallisartarpai. Nuna qeriuaannartoq aakkaangat, imeq tassannga pinngortoq kuuttarpoq, nunap ilaa nakkaattarpoq, pinngortitap nunamik neriuinera annertusisarpoq, issumilu allanngoriartornerit sukkatsittarlutik. Nunap aseroriartornera sumiiffippassuarni annertuunik kinguneqarsimavoq, inoqarfinnilu soorlu illut, ruujorit, aqquserngit eqqaaveqarfiillu aalaqqatulersarput aserorlutilluunniit. ....

Atuarneqarsinnaasut allat:

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Oqaluttuarisaaneq qerisoq

Marulluk qerisoq – ajornerulissallunilu

 

Qillerineq ingerlalluarpoq. Misissugassaq qaqereerlugu passuteruttulerlugu tipimik eqqumiitsumik naamasaqalerpugut. Immitsinnut qiviarpugut – ilumoorsinnaanngilaq ilaa?! Tassaana oqaluttuarisaaneq ukiut 4000-nit sinnerlugit qerinikuusoq attakut aakkiartulerminni naamatikkaat – attat qerisimasut aakkiartulersut. Tipit qangaaneersut silaannarimmut nillertumut sermersuarmeersumut akulerupput. Ukiut 4000-it sinnerlugit Kalaallit Nunaat inunnit najorneqarsimavoq, taamanerniilli issip silallu panertup inuusimasut inuunerminni atorsimasaat inooriaasiallu allanngutsaaliorsimavaat. Inuit parngunnikut nassaarineqartarput aamma DNA-t, sakkui, illui attakuilu. Nunap qalliup imertaqarluarnerata taassumalu ataani qeriuaannartoqarnerata tamakkorpassuit, allanik asseqanngitsut asiunaveersissimavaat. Kitaani Ilulissat eqqaanni Qajaa Kangiata Kangerluani tassaalernikuuvoq UNESCO-mit uppernarsagaasumik Nunarsuarmiut Kingornussassaattut isigineqalersoq, ukiuni kingullerni kalaallit siulliit pillugit, misissueqqissaartoqarnerani ilisimasarpassuarnik nassaarpassuarnillu aallerfiusut pingaarnersaannut ilaapput.

 

Qajaami inuit siulliullutik najugallit tassaapput Saqqaq-kulturip nalaani inuusut. Najugassatut piukkutaat tassaavoq sikup, ...

 

Atuarneqarsinnaasut allat:

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From ice to sea

The flow of the water

 

Precipitation in Greenland mainly falls as snow on the Ice Sheet. Snow and glacier ice move towards the ocean; a journey, which can potentially take more than 100,000 years. On its way, the ice shapes the landscape through erosion. When glaciers melt on land during the short summer season, large amounts of meltwater and sediments are being released.

 

When snow accumulates on land, it typically forms snowdrifts during the winter, which constitutes the primary supply of water to the rivers during early spring. Summer rain is likewise an important source of water. Especially during heavy precipitation, rain can cause landslides and increases the transport of water and sediment towards lower-lying parts of the landscape. Near the coast, where the landscape becomes flatter, the rivers become broader and the current velocity decreases. This causes the coarsest particles to settle while finer particles are being deposited further downstream in coastal deltas, whereas the smallest particles are carried all the way to the sea. In this chapter, we follow the water on its way from the Ice Sheet to the sea ...

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Plant adaptation

Plants – linking the soil and the atmosphere

 

The variety of flowers and colors adorning the Greenlandic landscape during both spring and autumn amazes and delights numerous visitors. Besides decorating the landscape, plants are also a link between the soil, with its nutrient pool, and the atmosphere, which contains major greenhouse gases such as water vapor, carbon dioxide and methane. An example of the important role of plants is their uptake of atmospheric carbon dioxide during the growth phase. This process binds carbon in the plants, which can accumulate in the soil or be released to the atmosphere during plant decay. Both plant growth and decomposition are affected by climate change, and therefore the balance between the two has received much attention, not the least in the Arctic.

 

This chapter is about the growth of plants and the link to climate change. New research has shown that, in this context, plant roots have often been overlooked. While it is well-known that the majority of carbon in arctic plants ...

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Farming – now and in the future

Sheep in Greenland

You do not find many places in Greenland where you can wake up to the sound of chickens and sheep. In Igaliku in South Green-land, you can. Because of some fencing problems some sheep have found their way into the little settlement. The sheep dogs keep a lazy eye on them. The dogs’ time will come: just before winter the sheep will be gathered, the lambs will be shipped to the slaughter house, while the mother sheep are kept in stables.

 

Sheep farming in Greenland dates back to the Norsemen more than 1,000 years ago. Back then – as today – the number of sheep was dependent on the winter fodder production near the farms. The yields in the fields depend on both the climate and the soil. The latest climate model for South Greenland suggests that the average temperature will be 3-6 ⁰C higher and that the growing season will increase from the current 100 days to over 150 days within the next 30 years. This may result in an increased hay production for winter feeding. Additionally, new fields and perhaps completely new areas may become available for farming. However, there are many questions ...

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Methane in the Arctic

More than one side to the methane budget

Methane is a simple hydrocarbon compound. One carbon atom bound to four hydrogen atoms (CH4), which is gaseous at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. Methane is produced by microorganisms, for instance in the soil, as a product in the anaerobe degradation of organic matter. For this reason, methane is also called natural gas. A large part of the atmospheric methane is a product of human activities, primarily agriculture. Methane is also a greenhouse gas that is 25-30 times stronger than carbon dioxide (CO2). During the past 200 years, the atmospheric content of methane has more than doubled from 0.8 to 1.8 ppm (1 ppm equals 0.0001%). The atmospheric methane content was stable in the period 1998- 2008, but has since started to increase again.

 

The thawing of permafrost

The latest warming of the climate, in particular in terrestrial arctic areas, has caused the permafrost in many areas to thaw. This thawing has caused parts of the landscape to collapse. In areas with ice-rich permafrost, the thawing creates new wetlands, from where methane can ...

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The polar dessert

North Greenland

The airplane takes off, and the ice-free mosaic-like landscape stands out against the deep blue fjords and sea and the white Ice Sheet. The mind wanders while the airplane heads north towards Peary Land, the northernmost ice-free part of Greenland. The lushness of the southern latitudes disappears, and the features of the landscape appear harsher and rougher. On the hillsides, brown colors glow in the sunshine, and the erosion here is so frequent that only few plants can get a foothold. Also the flatter parts of the landscape are more or less devoid of vegetation – the cold winds blow away the snow, and only few plants can combat these forces of nature. The summer can be warm, but the soils are dry in many places, and in some places white crusts of salt have formed because evaporation exceeds the precipitation in the summer. And yet, there is life here. Even in the most exposed, relentless places, microorganisms, lichens, mosses, plants and small animals have found new ways to survive, and even small oases can be found with lushness matching the southerly latitudes.....

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